Competent Crew

Competent Crew Certificate

To be certified as "Competent Crew" the candidate must have attained all of the following endorsements and the type of vessel used for the instruction must be noted on page 14 or 15.

Module 1 "Seamanship Sail 1"

Module 2 General Seamanship Endorsement

Module 3 Emergency Procedures Endorsement

Seamanship Sail 1 Endorsement

To receive the "Seamanship Sail 1" Endorsement the candidate is required to:

Identify from a diagram or on a vessel:

all standing rigging

all running rigging

all sails and parts of the sails

reefing system, lines, cringles and ties

the hull and keel

tiller or wheel & emergency tiller

self-bailing system, manual & electrical bilge pumps

cockpit, deck and cabin

mast and boom parts including windex, if fitted

pulpit, stanchions and lifelines

dock lines and fenders

outhaul, downhaul, cunningham, boom-vang, topping lift, traveler, fairlead track, fairlead car, turning blocks, winches

State the purpose and limitations of pulpits and lifelines.

While acting as crew, including the helm, demonstrate the ability to:

prepare the vessel to sail. e.g. bend on sails, run sheets

raise and lower sails

use safe winch techniques

respond to basic sailing commands outlined in the ISPA manual by exhibiting basic sail trim and demonstrating basic sailing theory while manning the main sheet and jib sheet, in unison with the helm for:- all points of sail, coming about, gybing, heading up and bearing away.

assist in reefing the main, shaking the reef and changing foresails

be able to state the point of sail at any time when under sail

assist in heaving to and MOB drill

lower and stow sails

hold a steady course using terrestrial references or compass

Describe the location of the safe and dangerous working areas for the crew on a vessel under sail.

Fit a personal safety harness, understand how to attach it to the vessel and be able to move around the vessel safely.

Describe the following nautical terms:

forward and aft; ahead and astern; abeam

port, starboard, windward, leeward, heading up, bearing away

underway, no way, in irons, leeway

port tack, starboard tack, close hauled, close reach, beam reach, broad reach, running before the wind

a sailboat tacking, reaching, gybing, beating, running, luffing and sailing by-the-lee

Tie and explain the use of all of the following knots:-

Reef knot, bowline, figure of eight, double overhand knot, cow hitch, clove hitch, double sheet bend, round turn with two half hitches, rolling hitch.

General Seamanship Endorsement

To receive the General Seamanship Endorsement the candidate is required to:

Identify the following sailing vessels

Sloop with fractional rig and with masthead rig, Cutter, Yawl, Ketch, Cat rig, Catamaran, Trimaran, Schooner.

Identify the following power driven vessels

Group 1 Personal Water Craft (PWC)

Group 2 Power Driven Dinghies and Inflatables

Group 3 Sport Craft Inboard/Outboard

Group 4 Direct drive single screw

Group 5 Direct drive twin screw

Identify the following hulls :

flat bottom, Vee bottom, round bottom, catamaran, tri-maran

Describe the difference between planing, semi-displacement and displacement hulls.

List the information on loading capacities and auxiliary engine power maximums found on the standards decal.

Describe how to load a vessel safely, including the position and number of people on board, and the resultant effect on handling and performance.

Describe the hull numbering requirements used for vessel identification, the position where numbers are to be displayed and the documentation required.

Draft a list of all government required safety items for the teaching vessel or candidate?s vessel, know the limitations of such equipment, the best position to place each of these items so they are ready for immediate use.

State the basic maintenance on the following;



personal flotation devices.

navigation lights.

fire extinguishers.

flame arrestors.

sound producing devices.

through hull fittings

cockpit drainage system

electrical and mechanical bilge pumps.

List any equipment e.g. absorbent pads required on the vessel for sewage containment or discharge.

List any necessary, additional equipment that should be carried. depending on vessel size and area of operation.

Demonstrate one method of putting a life jacket on which could be used if this task had to be carried out while the candidate is in the water.

Flake and coil a line.

Demonstrate the correct procedure to operate a marine head.

Assist in docking and leaving the dock demonstrating the following:

correct placement of dock lines and fenders

snugging down

correct tying to a cleat and spar

properly stowing dock lines & fenders

Assist in anchoring the vessel and weighing anchor.

Identify four popular types of anchor and their uses.

Identify the international diving flag (carried on a vessel) and the diver down flag.

Identify a lee shore and describe what action to take to avoid shipwreck.

Describe safe refueling procedures for vessels with both removable and inboard fuel tanks.

Carry out a thorough check of the fuel system, the quantity and type of fuel and the delivery of fuel.

Carry out pre-start engine check, starting procedure, after start checks and periodic checks while the engine is running.

Shut the engine down using the correct procedures.

Describe or demonstrate with a dingy, how to board, move on and off a beach, row with waves, dock with oars and auxiliary power and state the lights carried at night.

Demonstrate the effects of prop walk on a vessel with a single screw.

Describe where to find

small vessel regulations, boating restriction regulations and any other regulations related to small vessels

State the duties of the Skipper and Crew

Emergency Procedures Endorsement

To receive the Emergency Procedures Endorsement the candidate is required to:

State the fire and explosion hazards on a vessel.

Describe what precautions can be taken to avoid such hazards and know the best plan of action in a related emergency.

Describe the most immediate action to take in the following emergencies:

water is seen to be rising above the cabin floor

the rudder breaks or steering system fails

the vessel is dragging anchor

sheet or dock line wraps around the prop

the vessel touches bottom when at anchor

running aground on soft bottom

running aground on rocks, hull is damaged

Sail only

windward shroud breaks when beating

forestay or backstay breaks

halyard breaks

Demonstrate the procedures required to handle and safely ignite the type of flares on the training vessel.

Heave a line accurately.

Describe or demonstrate the use of a kill cord.

Prepare a towing harness for the teaching vessel, and describe the precautions to be taken and the dangers of towing. State the reason to have an agreement on payment terms before accepting a tow.

Using a V.H.F. radio

locate the channel for weather reports locate channel 16

describe how to send and receive a Pan-Pan call and a Mayday call

Draft a list of personal equipment and clothing to be used on the training vessel, which will optimize comfort and survival.

State three fundamental rules for preventing accidents.

State the legal requirements for keeping a lookout.

State the legal requirements for rendering assistance.

State when an accident report must be filed.

Describe what hypothermia is, how to avoid and treat it.

Describe what action to take after capsizing a dinghy.

State 3 ways to rescue a MOB from a dinghy canoe or PWC.

Please Note

Operator licensing in many states in the US, and depending on age and vessel size in Canada, is already mandatory.

On Completion of the Competent Crew and Day Skipper Course you can write the exam for:


Canadian Coast Guard Pleasure Craft Operator Card


National Association of State Boating Law Administrators (US) Certificate.

return to-> SJ24   or  COURSES

© Ken Christie 2022 - E Mail us for more info.